We have been able to do a lot of groundwork on new projects for CCWA including forming partnerships with other organizations for mutual benefit that will be announced once all the legal necessities are out of the way. We believe that drawing together programs with complimentary goals that we can share expertise and funding to make each program more effective than if carried out in isolation.
Stage One Update
Seventeen-month old brothers, Echo and Etosha, have been walking at our Victoria stage one site since April. Plans were being made to bring them back to Antelope Park next month to start Night Encounters - when the boys proved they’re more than ready to start their hunting careers.
On a morning walk, the brothers came across some baboons on the path they were walking along. Startled by the cubs, the baboons raced up the nearby trees. Unfortunately for one of the animals Echo was in hot persuit and scrambled 15 metres up the same tree after it. Making a desperate bid to escape, the baboon fled back down the trunk – straight into the jaws of Etosha, who made short work of dispatching his prize.
Clearly put out that he had put in all the work only for Etosha to claim the meal, Echo climbed back down the tree and promptly stole the kill from his brother! Later that same day, the 2Ss of Sango and Swahili caught a water monitor lizard, but this customer was a bit too slippery and managed to escape the cubs’ clutches.
A tall order for the Ls
Since their retirement from walking last month the brothers; Lozi, Luangwa and Lungile have spent the past few weeks re-bonding in the hunting enclosures and taking part in early morning Day Encounters.
Bush enclosure is normally reserved for older walking cubs, but as it was empty and is located in an area where plenty of game resides, it was decided to move the brothers here, along with their companion, Masai, as it is a perfect place from which to start Night Encounters.
So the four cubs were walked from Breeding Program to Bush enclosure. All four were very playful, but didn’t initially show much inclination towards hunting when they came across a small herd of impala and kudu shortly into the walk.
However, as they neared their new enclosure they came across a large number of impala, wildebeest, hartebeest and giraffe.
The boys all immediately went into stalk mode, but it was Lozi who was first
to break into a high-speed chase on one giraffe. Bearing down on the animal he was soon backed up by his brothers and the three boys were hot on the giraffe’s heels for over 200 metres before finally running out of steam.
Unfortunately, Masai was too involved in his own stalk on a hartebeest to notice the commotion until the giraffe and the Ls were too far away, but seemed quite thrilled by the whole chase as he watched his three companions disappearing into the distance after their target.
Five-and-a half month old Bhubesi proved just how far she has come in the short time she has been with the Rehabilitation and Release program this month.
On one of her afternoon walks with her brother, Batoka, our youngest set of walking cubs came across a one-metre long female monitor lizard. Immediately leaping into action, Bhubesi grabbed the lizard and tried biting into it to make her first kill.
At this young age, her teeth and jaws just weren’t strong enough to break through the tough lizard skin, and after repeated attempts she eventually let go and left her catch. The lizard decided to play dead for a while, making sure the coast was clear before making a dash for freedom.
The data that was collected on this walk is very useful for our study into hunting development in young cubs: at what age do they make their first stalk, start to chase prey, and what are the differences in development between their response to one prey species against another?
Bhubesi and Batoka are the first set of cubs to take part in the hunting development study, and judging by this walk they are going to keep us very busy indeed!
Regular disease checks and vaccinations of the lions in the release program are crucial to ensure the lions we release into stage two and three are as healthy as possible and that there is limited chance of them passing any disease into existing wild prides through their released cubs.
A massive operation was undertaken at Antelope Park over five days at the end of September, lead by our consultant vets; Keith Dutlow and Lisa Marabini, to take blood samples for FIV testing and update vaccinations to 33 of the lions at the breeding program, including those awaiting release. A random sample of lions was also tested for bovine tuberculosis with all tests proving negative. In addition the three newest members of the program, Soriah, Batoka and Bhubesi, were given their first round of vaccines for rabies and tri-cat (covering feline rhinotracheitis, feline calici and feline panleukopenia) as well as being micro-chipped.
Social groupings were split into smaller groups of two to three members and management and holding enclosures were utilised to keep these groupings separate. The Antelope Park voluntourists assisted the vets in noting down times sedatives and reversals were given, monitoring breathing while the lions were unconscious, and sitting outside enclosures until they had started to come round and were alert again.
Over the coming months every lion within the program will be similarly tested and vaccinated.
Conservation Centre for Wild Africa
This past month CCWA, along with other organizations and individuals provided financial assistance towards vital conservation work on Zimbabwe’s hard-hit rhino population. As the economic challenges facing local communities have deepened, there has been a steady increase in poaching. The country’s black rhino population is under particular threat. With the future of conservation in mind CCWA provided funds for Dr Keith Dutlow and Dr Lisa Marabaini from the AWARE Trust to accompany Dr Chris Foggin of the Wildlife Veterinary Unit on operations to dehorn and/or implant horn transmitters in black rhino. A small number of white rhino were also translocated to an area considered to be safer for them. This provided an excellent training exercise for the vets concerned and CCWA hopes to extend its potential for capacity building in this area.
CCWA also hopes to extend our conservation work through a partnerships. The next big project on the horizon for which we are hoping to provide both financial and material assistance is a disease surveillance study the testing 300 cattle for bovine tuberculosis, theileriosis and brucellosis in the communal lands within the proposed area of the Limpopo Shashe Trans Frontier Conservation Area (LSTFCA). A Memorandum of Understanding was signed between representatives of the governments of Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe in June 2006 to allow for the establishment of the LSTFCA, which will link the Northern Tuli Game Reserve in Botswana with Mapungubwe National Park in South Africa and the Tuli Circle Safari Area and adjoining areas in Zimbabwe. This trans-boundary conservation initiative has been designed to allow the free flow of wildlife between the three countries so as to enhance ecosystem integrity and management, and remove artificial impediments to the movement of wildlife. The different regions of the three countries all have different disease statuses at present, with up-to-date data being least available from Zimbabwe. The study aims to assess the extent and strains of diseases within the Zimbabwean areas which will assist in future vaccination strategies, the siting of fences and control of animal movement within the LSTFCA, land use policies in the area, and will establish the risk of spread of diseases into the neighbouring countries.
If you would like to provide financial assistance to aid the implementation of this vital study you can do so by direct bank transfer to AWARE using the following banking details:
Name of account holder: AWARE
Bank Name: HSBC
Branch: Pall Mall Branch, London
Branch code: 40-05-20
Account number: 01632523
SWIFT No: MIDLGB22
Alternatively, you can make your payment via ALERT with a credit or debit card using our on-line donation system by visiting www.cafonline.org and entering “African Lion” under the charity keyword searchPlease state “AWARE” in the donation reference field so that we can ensure that your donation goes to this project as intended. The full amount of all donations processed on behalf of AWARE will be forwarded for use on the project less a 7% administration cost to cover the charges imposed on us for accepting credit or debit card donations and banking charges to transfer the funds to AWARE.
Zambezi National Park
Six kilometres from the Victoria Falls lies the Zambezi National Park; wild with bush and big game it stretches along the river for forty kilometres. Game includes mega fauna such as elephant, buffalo and lion; large antelope like greater kudu and waterbuck, along with a large number of smaller mammal species such as common duiker, small-spotted genet and honey badger.
The Park is divided into two distinct areas; north and south of the Kazungula Road. The area to the north has sufficient natural water supply in the form of the Zambezi River and a spring line. However the southern section is dry with no natural water points. The consequent concentration of animal species in the Northern section during the dry season exerts ecological pressure on this area as well as focussing tourist vehicles, putting additional wear on the Parks limited road system through soil erosion.
The Zimbabwe Parks & Wildlife Management Authority has already drilled five boreholes in two locations in the Southern section of the Park; three are located in the Chamabondo vlei and two in the Kalisosa vlei. It is ideal that at least two of these boreholes supply water at any given time during the dry season.
Due to limited funding available to the Zimbabwe Parks & Wildlife Management Authority to action the proposed installation of a suitable water pump at the Chamabondo vlei the Area Manager for Zambezi National Park has approached CCWA and African Impact for financial assistance to supply, install and maintain the pump, to conduct a study to ascertain the impact of the proposed water hole as well as provide anti-poaching services to the area.
Justification for the Project
1. If water is supplied in the Southern section more tourists will do their game drives here, relieving the Northern section of pressure.
2. The water point will attract bigger mammals thus shifting use from areas along the Zambezi River and spreading it more evenly across the Park. This is a World Heritage Convention requirement where mega herbivore populations should be spread evenly across the Park in order to spread their impact of use. Mammals with small home ranges will also be able to form territories in the area due to the presence of water.
4. The Northern section of the Park is situated close to human settlements and as such poaching pressure is severe, particularly during the dry season when game is concentrated in this area due to the lack of water in the Southern ranges. A more even spread of game within the Park could alleviate poaching levels.
We are currently seeking financial assistance to implement this project which will include the purchase, installation and maintenance of a suitable water pump, renovation of the tourist viewing platform, implementation of a long term study to review the effects on game and tourist movements within the National Park, alien plant removal programs from the area, bush fire management plans as well as the introduction of anti-poaching activities around the new water hole.
Credit & Debit card DONATIONS can be made by visiting www.cafonline.org and entering “African Lion” under the charity keyword search.
Ashanti, Athena, Phyre, Kenge, Nala & Narnia have proven that they are a socially stable and self-sustaining pride. So the next step in their rehabilitation is to be introduced to a male. In this case Milo.
Partnership to extend Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park
The political uncertainty in Zimbabwe has delayed the signing of the export permit to Zambia for our release pride of Amy, Melanie, Elsa, Cleo, Ariel, Paka, Kwali and Puma. The land is secure, loan finance has been confirmed to build the two stage two and stage three release areas and agreement for the import permit has been confirmed, however despite obtaining the fifteen necessary signatures from the Zimbabwe Parks & Wildlife Management Authority for the export permit we also need either the Minister of Environment and Tourism, or his deputy to add his final signature. We await confirmation of who will fulfill this role and will then proceed as planned.
In the meantime we are entering a partnership with the Zambian Wildlife Authority to extend the Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park to incorporate much, if not all of the Dambwa Forest. As such our release areas will now be within the National Park boundaries. This partnership will bring greater protection to the habitat in the Forest and will include a joint education program with local communities as well as the introduction of ACT development programs to improve the livelihoods of communities bordering the Park. CCWA will also be heavily involved within the extended Park that will bring regeneration to the Dambwa Forest in all aspects of the eco-system.
The next pride
The next release group is bonding well. Acacia, Amghela, Nandi, Mana, Msasa and Lina have been together a few weeks now and are settling down together nicely. They will remain in stage one taking part in the Night Encounter program for the next year before they are released together into stage two. Eventually they will be introduced to a male, but not for a couple more years; the male is likely to be Maxwell.
To date ALERT has been able to fund the vast majority of its programs through its corporate partnership with African Encounter. The speed at which we can achieve all of our project plans is now only subject to how quickly we can raise additional donor funding to set up each project. Ongoing costs will be met by the commercial enterprises established during the set up process, but the initial outlay for the projects is significant, especially in this economic climate.
Any help that you can offer is greatly appreciated and to advise you of how best to do this we have produced a supporter’s pack which can be downloaded from our web page at www.lionalert.org