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Joe McDonald

Ethiopia - Mountain Wildlife, Primitive Tribes

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Joe McDonald

Gelada%20baboon_7872.jpgIbex%208293.jpgMursi%20woman_8876.jpgNyangatom%20Villager_7546.jpg

From left to right, Gelada baboon, Walia Ibex, Mursi Woman, Nyangatom Woman

 

 

The phrase, a land of contrast, is applied frequently to exotic locations, and is over-used and improperly used as hype and exaggeration. Unless it is applied to Ethiopia, for I've never seen anything like it, and you'll soon see why.

 

Imagine a land where one could photograph wild, stunningly furred Gelada Baboons with a wide-angle lens from less than a yard away, overlooked by a national park scout touting an AK-47 rifle. Or climbing the gentle, lung-busting slope of a treeless tundra at nearly 14,000 feet, following the elusive Walia Ibex. Or lying in our desert camp, after a day of sweltering heat in the Omo River delta, listening to the roar of a wind that, seconds later, blasted us in a coating of fine dust. Or coaxing a Mursi warrior to pose for a portrait, or standing shoulder-to-shoulder with Karo tribesmen as they conduct an evening dance.

 

Our trip to Ethiopia in 2010 was divided into two sections --the first half for wildlife, in the Simian and Bale Mountains, and the second for people and tribal photography in the Omo River Valley and delta of southwestern Ethiopia. The contrast was huge, in subject matter, in elevation, and in temperature, and made for a very interesting and exciting experience.

 

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While the whole of Ethiopia has a scattering of virtually all of East Africa's mammal species, these are often skittish and elusive. We were not concerned with these, but instead we sought several endemic species, the Gelada Baboon, Walia Ibex, Simien or Ethiopian Wolf -- the rarest, most endangered Canid in the world, Nyala, and two birds, the Lammergeier Vulture and the Thick-billed Raven. All of these are found in the high country, and at our first destination, in the Simien Mountains, our lodge was located at about 11,000 feet.. Just walking to our rooms in the evening was an effort -- the air is thin and we could definitely feel the difference when we hiked.

 

The Simien Mountains are, quite simply, spectacular. In some ways it reminded me of being along the south rim of Arizona's Grand Canyon, for as we stood on the edge of this upper plateau we looked out over ridge after ridge of sculpted cliffs, extending to the horizon in one twisted, rugged stretch of landscape. Here is where the Gelada baboon is most plentiful, using the steep, several thousand foot cliff face for their night-time shelter, a strategy to avoid predation by leopards. Shortly after dawn large troops, sometimes several hundred strong, would climb to the top of these cliffs and begin to feed, plucking at short grasses and completely ignoring any human on-looker. With time we were able to work in so close that we were literally lying on our bellies, using wide-angle lenses and fill-flash, to shoot portraits of the Geladas within a yard of our cameras.

 

Having just completed our 50th mountain gorilla trek in Rwanda, I was blown away by the ease of shooting the Geladas provided. There was so much activity, and so many angles and opportunities that, as a wildlife subject, and specifically as a primate, the Gelada offered some of the most rewarding mammal photography we've ever done. The Gelada itself is spectacular, with males sporting a huge, lion-like mane, and portraits alone were exceptional, but the challenge was incorporating the Gelada in habitat, to show the incredible landscape it inhabits. Hopefully, we succeeded.

 

Several of us practically killed ourselves trying to get Walia Ibex, and while we were doing so the smarter members of our group drove off with one of our guides to look for Ibex a bit closer to the road. While we were stalking about and gasping at nearly 14,000 feet they found a large herd of ibex that approached and crossed the road in front of them, giving them full-frame head shots! Fortunately, the rest of us eventually had a chance with this herd, and I was lucky enough to be there when a ram stood on its hind legs, pausing, it seemed, for seconds before slamming into a rival, and then proceed to head-butt and spar with another ram at frame-filling distance.

 

We flew on to the Bale Mountains where the highest concentration of Ethiopian Wolf are found. Although this orange-red coated canine resembles a fox it is a true wolf, which now specializes in eating rodents in the treeless and sparse grasslands of the high altitude plateaus. We were hoping to see one, and, if we were lucky, get some shots. Our guide told us that the wolves were very shy and that we'd have our best luck photographing them if we stayed on the bus we were using, shooting from the window as they, or if they, coursed the fields close to the road.

 

We'd barely entered wolf country when Sarah excitedly said, 'There's one" and we spotted our first wolf, no two! wolves lying in a tight curled ball close to the road. They got up and moved off a short distance as we stopped the bus, but then, to our delight, two pups rushed up from nowhere and begin begging for food. Now, in our lenses, we had four, an entire family, and the day had just begun!

 

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Ethiopian or Simien Wolf, the rarest Canine in the world, with less than 400 in existence

 

We did the same route three times, so it's difficult to know exactly how many wolves we saw, but we tallied up over 25 'encounters' or spottings of what may have been different wolves, as we counted the family group only once. It's quite possible we had as many as 15 different wolves, and certainly we had at least 12. Not bad, considering there are less than 400 Ethiopian Wolves in existence!

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Top Row: Lammergeier vulture, adult and immature; well-camouflaged Montane Nightjar

Bottom Row: Nyala, a greater-kudu like antelope, bull and cow; Priest in a church in Gonder

 

On next destination was a complete change of pace, to the hot desert climate of the Omo River Valley. Here dwell what is probably the last stronghold of endemic culture still in Africa, with several tribes living much as they did before 'discovery' by Europeans. Exposed to the West, and now engaged in trade, the people and their way of life is rapidly changing, and our visit, now, certainly documented that change. When our guide started bringing groups here ten years ago the dress, what little there was, was completely traditional. Now most of the men wore shorts and tee-shirts, although most of the women still dressed traditionally.

 

In contrast to wildlife photography, shooting people (with a camera) is tough and exhausting, at least if you want to do it right. That's because a photographer must interact with the subject to get an animated pose, unless you're content with simply snapping a static portrait as a bored tribesmen sits or stands stoically while you make a snapshot. It took a bit of time to warm up to the task, as we just naturally felt like we were being intrusive, but when we did, it was great. Granted, most of the shots we did were posed, and one in our group really wanted to capture candids and people acting natural, and he admitted he had a tough assignment there!

 

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A Hamar tribesman cleans his AK47. The scarred and the

freshly wounded back of a Hamar woman during the cow-jumping ceremony.

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Karo villagers, with the men painted up for a ceremonial dance; woman and baby.

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The Mursi tribe number only around 5,000 people but are one of the principle 'draws' to the Omo region because of the incredible

lip adornment practiced by the women. They are a war-like people and have, most likely, been exploited by tourists in the past.

The shoot, while exceedingly interesting, was the most difficult for us, for a variety of reasons.The Nyangatom village was located across the river from our camp. They are farmers, and friendly, and their dancing was spectacular.

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ZaminOz

Wow,

Some evocative images there Joe.

Thanks for sharing.

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twaffle

What an experience. Excellent.

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Joe McDonald

The lure of the tribal culture of the Omo is too much to resist and am dying to go back to Ethiopia.

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Irish Elk

Fantistic trip report and photos of a very under appreciated part of East Africa - Cheers!! :)

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wilddog

Thanks for sharing this very interesting report on a less visited destination. It sounds a wonderful experience and the photographs are great. Not sure I could cope with the atltitude so might have to use the transport if I ever want to see the Walia Ibex!

 

Where are you planning to go next?

Edited by wilddog

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Joe McDonald

I am co-leading a humpback whale tour this coming month. We will spend 10 days in Southeast Alaska photographing them, take a 3 week break, and then meet to swim with them in Tonga.

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Sverker
Not sure I could cope with the atltitude so might have to use the transport if I ever want to see the Walia Ibex!

How long time to get used to the high altitude?

I wish I could have visited the Semien mountains in 1984, but those days there was a war going on.

Is it possible to have the locals carrying you in a chair á la Stanley? :lol:

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Joe McDonald

While I've photographed native people in many areas, some civilized or westernized, and some not, there was nothing to compare to the tribes of southern Ethiopia. The principle attraction here is the fierce Mursi tribe, whose women sport lip plates they insert into a hole they create, and enlarge, in their lower lip.

 

Another group, the Hamar, were far more accommodating, and we were lucky to be there when a notable event was occurring, called 'bull jumping,' although it more properly should be termed the jumping of the cows. It is a rite of passage of a boy to a man, and although it may occur in Hamar country weekly, the chances that any one photographer will be present, or within driving distance, of the ceremony is slim. We were close enough to get to one, after a three hour plus drive, and word had spread around the area, alerting everyone of the event. This rite of passage is notable, and those involved want witnesses -- think of it like a big wedding. Tourists are welcome, provided they pay a fee to attend, and that money, in fact, probably helps pay for the event, the food and drink that the scores, or hundreds, of Hamar people attending consume.

Nyamatomr%20Villager_0755.jpg

 

While the bull-jump is the climax of the event, where a naked boy jumps up and runs across the back of six or eight cows held in place in a tight row by several warriors, there is a range of other activities that are even more interesting and worth photographing. The most graphic is the whipping of women, solicited by the women themselves as a show of loyalty and, perhaps, a way to instill a sense of obligation from a man. As we neared the site of the ceremony we heard what Mary thought was the cracking of small fire-works, but the 'whack/crack' was the snapping sound as an eight foot long cane slapped against the bare flesh of a woman.At the ceremony, a huge crowd had gathered, with about a dozen tourists interspersed among more than a hundred Hamar gathered in a half circle around the cows and the people attending them. There were two prime spots -- either end of the line of cows where the boy would either jump onto, or jump off of, the last cow in the line.

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Joe McDonald

How long time to get used to the high altitude?

Is it possible to have the locals carrying you in a chair á la Stanley? :lol:

 

The major cause of altitude illnesses Sverker is going too high too fast. Given time, your body can adapt to the decrease in oxygen molecules at a specific altitude. Acclimatization generally takes 1-3 days at that altitude. For example, if you hike to 10,000 feet (3,048 meters), and spend several days at that altitude, your body acclimatizes to 10,000 feet (3,048 meters). If you climb to 12,000 feet (3,658 meters), your body has to acclimatize once again. About getting carried in a chair that would be possible.

Edited by Joe McDonald

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Atravelynn

Wonderful! I have heard from others who have been to Ethiopia that the wolves are not that hard to find and observe if you are in the right place.

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pault

Excellent, Joe. Great pictures and story both. Fabulous sightings too. You made me really want to go.

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Joe McDonald

Mary and I did this trip thinking we'd experience it once and probably be done with it. But we don't feel that way now, as we're dying to go back. At the very least, we envision adding a several day extension to the Simien Mountains for the Gelada, Lammergeier, and Ibex, along with some people and landscape photography.

Edited by Joe McDonald

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Sverker

About getting carried in a chair that would be possible.

Heh heh - just getting the image of the great explorer Sverker Stanley in a chair, dressed in khaki, with a telephoto lens instead of rifle ... :rolleyes:

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Atravelynn

I am co-leading a humpback whale tour this coming month. We will spend 10 days in Southeast Alaska photographing them, take a 3 week break, and then meet to swim with them in Tonga.

You're not going to swim with the whales in Alaska too? What are ya? Wimps? :P

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